Business Models and Financing Structures for a Rapid Scale-up of Rooftop Solar Power Systems in Thailand

Tongsopit, S., Moungcharoen, S., Aksornkij, A. and Potisat, T. 2016. “Business Models and Financing Options for a Rapid Scale-up of Rooftop Solar Power Systems in Thailand”, Energy Policy 95: 447-457.

Abstract: Diverse solar PV business models and financing options exist in the international landscape, helping expand and accelerate the adoption of rooftop solar PV systems. The conditions for their emergence are context specific, depending on the policies, regulations, incentives, and market conditions of each country. After a review of the international landscape, this paper compiles and analyzes business models and financing options for rooftop solar PV investment in Thailand that have emerged during the period between 2013 and 2015. Despite policy discontinuity for the support of rooftop solar systems, diverse business models and financing options are driving market expansion and expanding solar access to more Thai consumers. Drawing on our policy and regulatory analyses and in-depth interviews with business representatives, we identify four types of business models and one financing option. The business models include Roof Rental, Solar PPA, Solar Leasing, and Community Solar, and the financing option is the solar loan. We analyze the drivers for their emergence, barriers to their success, and the risks from the business owners’ and consumers’ viewpoints. Our policy recommendation is focused on crafting a net-metering regulation with evidence-based studies on the potential costs and benefits to different stakeholders.

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in: Energy Policy and Economics, Energy Policy-Publications, Research
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