Thermodynamic analysis of combined unit of biomass gasifier and tar steam reformer for hydrogen production and tar removal

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 38, Issue 10, 1 April 2013, Pages 3930-3936.

Vivanpatarakij, S.a, Assabumrungrat, S.b
a  Energy Research Institute, Chulalongkorn University, Phyathai Road, Wang Mai, Phatumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
b  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Phyathai Road, Wang Mai, Phatumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand

Abstract

A combined unit of biomass gasifier and tar steam reformer (CGR) was proposed in this study to achieve simultaneous tar removal and increased hydrogen production. Tar steam reforming calculations based on thermodynamic equilibrium were carried out by using Aspen Plus software. Thermodynamic analysis reveals that when selecting appropriate operating conditions, exothermic heat available from the gasifier could sufficiently supply to the heat-demanding units including feed preheaters, steam generator and reformer. The effects of gasification temperature (Tgs), reforming temperature (Tref) and steam-to-biomass ratio (S:BM) on percentages of tar removal and improvement of H2 production were investigated. It was reported that the CGR system can completely remove tar and increase H 2 production (1.6 times) under thermally self-sufficient condition. The increase of H2 production is mainly via the water-gas shift reaction.

keywords

Biomass gasification; H2 production; Tar reformer

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in: Bio Energy- Published Journal Articles
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